Consumers today are increasingly experimenting and engaging in a variety of special food lifestyle and diet choices. To help you keep up with these food trends, we have briefly explained some current diet trends below:
Vegan Diet: A vegan diet is completely plant-based which means it involves eating no animal products including eggs, honey, dairy products, gelatine or other animal by-products.
Vegetarian Diet: Generally vegetarians choose to eat everything except red meat, chicken or fish. Some vegetarian diets may not include eggs.
Ketogenic or Keto Diet: Following a ketogenic diet involves eating fats, lean protein and minimal carbohydrates (only sourced from fruit and vegetables) throwing the body into a state of 'ketosis' where it burns ketones (via fat) instead of glucose (from carbohydrates).
Flexitarian Diet: Primarily has a vegetarian diet, however eats meat or fish on occasion.
Raw Food Diet: Raw foodies consume only raw, uncooked and unrefined fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds. Technically they only consume foods that have not been heated above 40–49 °C.
Plant-based Diet: Foods that are not derived from animals including all legumes, grains, nuts, seeds, plant proteins, and non-dairy (plant) milk. A "plant-based diet" moves away from highly processed foods and sets the basis for vegans and vegetarians.
Gluten Free Diet : No grains or flours containing the protein gluten - avoiding wheat, rye, barley, triticale, spelt, oats and kamut. Some alternative grains, seeds and flours that are naturally gluten free include quinoa, amaranth, millet, buckwheat, rice, besan (chickpea flour), coconut flour and brown rice flour.
Paleo Diet: Also known as the "caveman diet". Paleo draws from hunter-gatherer principles, focusing on whole, unprocessed foods such as vegetables, fruit, eggs, nuts, seeds, meat, fish/seafood, healthy fats and oils (olive, coconut, etc). Foods not allowed include cereal grains, legumes, dairy, potatoes, refined sugar.
Locavore: Eating food grown in local community or region.
Low FODMAP: An acronym for foods Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides and Polyols. A brief listing of food to avoid include - Excess Fructose: Honey, Apples, Mango Fructans: Wheat (in large amounts), Rye (in large amounts), Barley (in large amounts).Lactose: Milk, dairy Galacto-Oligosaccharides (GOS): Legume beans (eg. baked beans, kidney beans, bortolotti beans), Lentils, Chickpeas. Polyols: Apples, Apricots, Nectarines, Pears, Plums, Prunes, Mushrooms, sorbitol (420), mannitol (421), xylitol (967), maltitol (965) and isomalt (953). Please note this is not an extensive list.