Guide to Flour Types and Uses

Choosing the right flour is essential to the success of your baking as the type of flour used affects the flavour, texture, appearance and nutritional content of what you are making. Our guide to the different types of flours below can help you select the right one every time.

We have a fantastic range of certified organic flours available in a range of sizes including our most popular bulk 5kg or 12.5kg bags! Most of our flours are 100% stoneground flours from Demeter Farm Mill in Gunnedah, NSW Australia.

Almond Flour

This flour is referred to as almond meal in our product range! We have two varieties:  Organic Almond Meal Natural where the whole raw almond has been ground into a meal (husk, skin and all) producing this completely natural meal! Our Almond Meal Blanched is a white creamy colour due to the removal of the husk prior to the almonds being ground. Australian Conventional Natural Almond Meal also available! Almond flour or meals are great for baking moist and dense gluten free cakes and biscuits or add to your smoothies for extra protein!

Unbleached White Bakers Flour

Produced by milling the whole wheat grain and sieving off the bran. This is an unrefined flour, no bleaching or additives used! This flour has a creamy colour, is more flavoursome and has a stronger texture than other white flours. This all purpose flour is suitable for most everyday cooking needs.

Shop Organic Unbleached White Bakers Flour

Wholewheat Bakers Flour

Contains the bran and germ as well as the endosperm, so is a highly nutritious flour. Medium-brown in colour, this flour gives a hearty flavour and robust texture to baked goods. An all purpose flour which is suitable for most everyday cooking needs. Try our Hot Cross Bun recipe!

Shop Organic Wholewheat Bakers Flour

Flour types and uses

Besan Flour

Produced by dehusking and milling brown chick peas! Besan flour has a strong nutty flavour. It is commonly used as a binding or thickening agent in many recipes. Used widely in Indian and Middle Eastern cooking for pancakes, dumplings and sweetmeat. It is also commonly used for pakora batter.

Shop Organic Besan Flour

Brown Rice Flour

Produced by milling the whole brown rice grain into a fine flour. This gluten free flour is used for shortbread and some varieties of oriental noodles. It must be mixed with gluten-rich flour to make a yeast-raised bread, as it tends to produce crumbly baked goods when used alone.

Shop Organic Brown Rice Flour

Buckwheat Flour

Typically more coarse and more highly coloured than wheat flour. Buckwheat flour is reported to improve cardiovascular health! Best for pancake mixes, cakes, biscuits, breakfast cereals and noodles (not suitable for bread making).

Shop Organic Buckwheat Flour

Flour types and uses

Unbleached White Cake Flour

A low protein wheat flour which comes from a soft wheat variety. Produces a fine, light flour with the bran sifted out. Suitable for cakes, biscuits, pastries, muffins and pancakes!

Shop Organic Unbleached White Cake Flour

Wholewheat Cake Flour

This is a 100% wholewheat flour from a special soft wheat variety. All of the fibre and goodness of the whole grain is retained in this flour! Suitable for cakes, biscuits, pastries, muffins and pancakes!

Shop Organic Wholewheat Cake Flour

Coconut Flour

Made from fresh coconut meat! The meat is dried and defatted and then finely ground into a powder. This is a low carbohydrate, high-fibre and gluten-free alternative to wheat flour, and very popular in paleo and grain-free diets! In baking, you cannot substitute coconut flour for wheat or other grain-based flours at a 1:1 ratio. Substitute 1/3-1/4 cup coconut flour for 1 cup grain based flour (about 15-25%). Coconut flour is very absorbent so you will need additional liquid or eggs to grain flours, and generally very little coconut flour is needed for recipes.

Shop Organic Coconut Flour

Flour types and uses

Light Sift Wheat Flour

A high protein wheat flour (over 13%). This 100% stone ground flour is sifted to retain 75-80% of the bran. You can use this for all breads, it produces a softer loaf than whole wheat flour. Try our Irish Soda Bread recipe!

Shop Organic Light Sift Wheat Flour

Premium Bakers White Flour

A high protein wheat flour (over 13%), created from a modern method of milling which uses steel fluted rollers to grind the wheat berry into fine light white flour. Suitable for baking soft bread, rolls, buns, pasta and flatbreads.

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Quinoa Flour

A high protein and gluten free flour! Quinoa flour makes great pancakes and biscuits, however must be combined with gluten-rich flours when baking cakes and breads that rise. It can also be used as a gluten free thickening agent for sauces, similar to the way cornflour is used.

Shop Organic Quinoa Flour

Flour types and uses

Whole Rye Flour

Rye flour can be useful for people with wheat sensitivities, as it contains less gluten than wheat. Rye flour makes a more dense, textured bread than wheat flour, and it is often mixed with wheat flour for breads. Use for all breads, especially sourdough! Try our Organic Rye Loaf recipe!

Shop Organic Rye Flour

Unbleached White Spelt Flour

A fine light flour, sifted to remove the bran. This white spelt flour has a nuttier and slightly sweeter flavour than the whole wheat flour. Spelt contains more protein than wheat, and is easier to digest. Great for pasta, breads, cakes and cookies. Try our Organic Banana Bread recipe!

Shop Organic Unbleached White Spelt Flour

Wholemeal Spelt Flour

This 100% whole spelt flour retains all of the fibre and goodness of the whole grain! Suitable for breads, cakes, cookies and fruit loaves.

Shop Organic Wholemeal Spelt Flour

Flour types and uses

What is Hard Wheat?

Wheat with a protein over the level of 12.5% which is necessary for bread baking.

What is Soft Wheat?

Wheat with a low protein level, usually less than 9.5%. Used for confectionery and baked products including; sweet biscuits, cookies, pastries, cakes, steamed buns and snack foods.

30th Nov 2017 Honest to Goodness